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Author Topic: GraCha Sprite System (Read 2793 times)

Offline JSP

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Re: GraCha Sprite System
« Reply #15 on: 2019.April.18. 20:54:39 »
Hi

As a comment to your discussion about sprites in a BASIC environment... I recently wrote some code in pure BASIC to see if I could make a reasonably good sprite in BASIC without resorting to MC code.  I was also looking at using attribute mode in BASIC. So I combined the two things in the included test program. The end result, after compiling it with ZZZIP, was actually kind of useful with nearly 10 fps in a double buffer display using two video pages, which surprised me a bit.

You can fly the sprite in all directions using the cursor keys, and stop the program using the ESC key. It will only fly as far as the borders and then reduce the speed in the current direction to 0. Acceleration is done by repeatedly pressing a cursor key. Max speed is 4 pixels in any direction.

Just load the image and press START.

Of course you cannot run many sprites this way, unless they are very thin in height. You have to plot each scan-line in a cell (in attribute mode anyway). So the current sprite, which is 9 scanlines high and 2 cells wide, requires 18 spokes. The two video pages used are cleared before each update, which also takes some time, especially if you want a large page display. Therefore I limited it to 20 x 10.

You can avoid clearing the displays constantly, if you systematically erase the cells you used from the previous sprite plotting. In this case it requires another 18 spokes. So if you use this method, it slows the system severely, if you have more than 2-3 sprites. The good news is then, that you do not have to redraw the background, except where you erased the plots.

In flew the sprite from left to right (160 pixels( in about 18 seconds in 1 pixel steps in the ZZZip version. In BASIC it is about 5-6 times slower.

regards
Jesper

Online gflorez

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Re: GraCha Sprite System
« Reply #16 on: 2019.April.18. 23:20:03 »
Wonderful demo! pixel perfect.

I wonder if it can be put on a machine code library or an engine, then it will be more usable.

Offline JSP

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Re: GraCha Sprite System
« Reply #17 on: 2019.April.19. 20:24:41 »
Hi

Well, the code was a sort of 'proof of concept' to test if it is possible to make reasonable sprites in BASIC, and within limits this seems to be the case.

The main trick for speeding up the code is to avoid arrays if possible and to precalculate everything once before using the results in the main loop and plot routine. Common sense really, and it improves the speed by about 50%! You also have to rewrite a few address specifications to get them to work with ZZZIP. All peeking and poking is done using speek/spoke. This minimizes the limitations from ZZZIPs integer code and results in very fast code in ZZZIP.

The code around line 7000 is just there in case you want to implement some code to react to specific events. In the code example below, there are no such events, but you might implement a collision check or whatever, and put it there.

Anyway, here is the BASIC code, if you feel like trying it out.

regards
Jesper

    1 PROGRAM "spr_test.bas"
    2 !
    5 TEXT 80
   10 NUMERIC GFX1(1 TO 9) , OFFX1 (1 TO 9,0 TO 8) , OFFX2 (1 TO 9,0 TO 8)
   20 NUMERIC OX,OY,ODX,ODY,OHGT,OWID
   30 NUMERIC I,J,CL,ZX,ZY,M1,M2,CH,KOX,DWID,DHGT,SP
   40 NUMERIC LPTLOW,LPTHIGH,LPT,LBLOCK
   50 NUMERIC LD1LOW,LD1HIGH,LD1(1 TO 2),LD1PAGE(1 TO 2)
   60 NUMERIC LD2LOW,LD2HIGH,LD2(1 TO 2),LD2PAGE(1 TO 2)
   65 STRING T$*1,ESC$*1,LEFT$*1,RIGHT$*1,UP$*1,DOWN$*1,T1$
   70 LET WID=20:LET HGT=10:LET LBLOCK=15
   80 LET ODX=1:LET ODY=0:LET OHGT=9:LET OWID=8:LET SP=4
   81 LET OX=1:LET OY=1
   99 !
  100 CALL INIT_VARS
  110 CALL INIT_VPAGES
  998 LET T1$=TIME$
  999 !
 1000 DO
 1005   IF GET_EVENT THEN CALL EVENT_HANDLER
 1010   LET T$=INKEY$
 1012   IF T$<>"" THEN
 1015     SELECT T$
 1020     CASE ESC$
 1021       PRINT T1$,TIME$
 1025       EXIT DO
 1030     CASE LEFT$
 1035       LET ODX=MAX(ODX-1,-SP)
 1040     CASE RIGHT$
 1045       LET ODX=MIN(ODX+1,SP)
 1050     CASE UP$
 1055       LET ODY=MAX(ODY-1,-SP)
 1057     CASE DOWN$
 1060       LET ODY=MIN(ODY+1,SP)
 1065     END SELECT
 1070   END IF
 1075   DISPLAY #CH:AT LBLOCK FROM 1 TO HGT
 1080   LET CH=1-(CH=1)
 1090   CALL PLOT_OBJ
 1095 LOOP
 1105 END
 1199 !
 6000 DEF PLOT_OBJ
 6001   CLEAR #CH
 6005   LET ZX=MIN(DWID-OWID+1,MAX(1,OX+ODX))
 6010   LET ZY=MIN(DHGT-OHGT+1,MAX(1,OY+ODY))
 6015   LET OX=ZX:LET OY=ZY
 6016   IF OY>(DHGT-OHGT) OR OY=1 THEN LET ODY=0
 6017   IF OX>(DWID-OWID) OR OX=1 THEN LET ODX=0
 6020   LET CL=IP((OX-1)/8)+WID*ZY-WID
 6021   LET KOX=MOD(OX-1,8)
 6022   FOR K=1 TO OHGT
 6023     LET CLX=LD2(CH)+CL+(K-1)*WID
 6025     LET M1=OFFX1(K,KOX)
 6027     LET M2=OFFX2(K,KOX)
 6035     SPOKE LD2PAGE(CH),CLX,M1
 6040     SPOKE LD2PAGE(CH),CLX+1,M2
 6045   NEXT
 6050 END DEF
 6099 !
 6100 DEF GETLPT
 6105   LET LPTLOW=SPEEK(255,16372)
 6110   LET LPTHIGH=SPEEK(255,16373)
 6115   LET LPT=LPTLOW+MOD(LPTHIGH*128+LPTHIGH*128,16384)
 6120 END DEF
 6199 !
 6200 DEF GETLD1
 6205   LET LD1LOW=SPEEK(255,LPT+16*LBLOCK+4)
 6210   LET LD1HIGH=SPEEK(255,LPT+16*LBLOCK+5)
 6215   LET LD1PAGE(CH)=252+IP((LD1HIGH*128)/8192)
 6220   LET LD1(CH)=LD1LOW+MOD(LD1HIGH*128+LD1HIGH*128,16384)
 6225 END DEF
 6299 !
 6300 DEF GETLD2
 6305   LET LD2LOW=SPEEK(255,LPT+16*LBLOCK+6)
 6310   LET LD2HIGH=SPEEK(255,LPT+16*LBLOCK+7)
 6315   LET LD2PAGE(CH)=252+IP((LD2HIGH*128)/8192)
 6320   LET LD2(CH)=LD2LOW+MOD(LD2HIGH*128+LD2HIGH*128,16384)
 6325 END DEF
 6399 !
 7000 DEF GET_EVENT
 7005   LET GET_EVENT=0
 7010 END DEF
 7099 !
 7100 DEF EVENT_HANDLER
 7105   PRINT "Event! ";
 7110 END DEF
 8099 !
 9000 DEF INIT_VARS
 9005   RESTORE 9500
 9010   FOR I=1 TO 9
 9015     READ GFX1(I)
 9020   NEXT
 9025   FOR I=1 TO OHGT
 9030     FOR J=0 TO 8
 9033       LET OFFX1(I,J)=IP(GFX1(I)/2^J)
 9036       LET OFFX2(I,8-J)=MOD(GFX1(I)*2^J-(2^(8-J)-1)*256,256)
 9040     NEXT
 9045   NEXT
 9050   LET ESC$=CHR$(27):LET LEFT$=CHR$(184):LET RIGHT$=CHR$(188):LET UP$=CHR$(176):LET DOWN$=CHR$(180)
 9055   LET DWID=WID*8:LET DHGT=HGT*9
 9090 END DEF
 9099 !
 9100 DEF INIT_VPAGES
 9105   SET VIDEO MODE 15
 9110   SET VIDEO COLOUR 0
 9115   SET VIDEO X WID
 9120   SET VIDEO Y HGT
 9125   OPEN #1:"VIDEO:"
 9130   OPEN #2:"VIDEO:"
 9133   CALL GETLPT
 9135   FOR CH=1 TO 2
 9140     SET #CH:PALETTE RED,GREEN,YELLOW,BLUE,MAGENTA,WHITE,BLACK,243
 9145     SET #CH:BIAS 168
 9150     DISPLAY #CH:AT LBLOCK FROM 1 TO HGT
 9155     CALL GETLD1:CALL GETLD2
 9160   NEXT
 9165   LET CH=1
 9170   SET STATUS OFF
 9175   CLEAR SCREEN
 9180 END DEF
 9199 !
 9500 DATA 255,129,129,129,129,129,129,129,255

Offline endi

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Re: GraCha Sprite System
« Reply #18 on: 2019.April.20. 15:03:14 »
már csak az a kérdés hogy több címet vagy file név címét hogy lehet átadni a basic code hex utasításba?

hm, rájöttem hogy egyszerűen a csatornát basic-ben kell megnyitni, és a dolog meg van oldva :)
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Offline endi

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Re: GraCha Sprite System
« Reply #19 on: 2019.April.22. 10:37:19 »
JSP, your program is cool, I always wanted to make a pixel-moving basic game.
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Offline JSP

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Re: GraCha Sprite System
« Reply #20 on: 2019.April.23. 13:47:29 »
Hi

Yes, thanks to the support in BASIC for the NICK chip and its ability to have multiple video pages, you can do a buffered display to avoid flickering. This is still kind of slow in pure BASIC, but practical with the aid of ZZZIP because spokes and speeks execute so darn fast.

The first program used attribute mode, which is not the best choice speedwise. I am currently testing a similar approach using LORES or HIRES pixel mode. And it looks very promising. A pure ZZZIP compiled plot test of an object made of 3 scan-lines reached at least 50 FPS. But of course that is without any game logic like testing for keyboard etc.

Maybe I should start another topic, since this appears to be of interest to others, and further discussion will sort of hi-jack the original topic, that we are hooked in to, which is not polite :)

regards
Jesper

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Re: GraCha Sprite System
« Reply #21 on: 2019.April.23. 14:14:44 »
This is a proper thread for your programs and intentions.... but it is in Hungarian language.

There is a convention(not a law) here that says, if you answer in English to an Hungarian thread, please add also a translation.... Don't worry, a google translation can serve here.

But sometimes the technical texts are not correctly processed, so please, better start the same thread on the English side.

Offline endi

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Re: GraCha Sprite System
« Reply #22 on: 2019.April.23. 14:58:56 »
yes, the pixel modes is an other story.
I think this "gracha" mode will work with good speed with zzzip+asm.
But I will use some of your code, for example to get proper nick addresses :)
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Offline endi

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Re: GraCha Sprite System
« Reply #23 on: 2019.May.05. 17:07:43 »
még nem csináltam semmit, de továbbra se adtam fel, meg fogom csinálni. jó lesz ez :)

de ha esetleg nem világos valakinek, írok még arról hogy mire lesz képes ez a rendszer:
-gracha editorban csinált pályát betölti, és előtte sprite-okat tudunk mozgatni úgy, hogy a hátteret nem törlik le, és azzal se kell foglalkoznunk hogy a hátteret visszarajzoljuk, ezeket automatikusan megcsinálja a rendszer.
-elvileg nagyon sok sprite-ot (2x2 karakter blokk) tudunk kezelni, mondjuk 30-40-et is! ezek kirajzolása gépi kóddal nagyon gyors. persze a koordináták változtatását basic-ból kell megoldani, de elvileg az se lassít sokat.
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Offline endi

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Re: GraCha Sprite System
« Reply #24 on: 2019.August.25. 14:38:04 »
nem felejtettem ám el ezt :)
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Re: GraCha Sprite System
« Reply #25 on: 2019.September.14. 23:12:02 »
hm most nézem, hogy egy gracha képernyő 1008+192 byte csak. valamiért 4k-ra emlékeztem :D
a karakter adat is csak 800byte, mert nem ment minden karaktert, csak amik 2x2-es blokkokban vannak.

szóval basicből allocate-el akár 2-3 ilyen képernyőt is simán le lehet majd foglalni.
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